AHA and BHA acids – what are they?

AHA and BHA acids play an important role in skin care. They enable the reduction of imperfections, make the skin look healthier and more beautiful. What exactly are the acids mentioned, what properties do they have? We encourage you to read!

AHA acids – what are they?

AHA acids are otherwise known as alpha-hydroxy acids or fruit acids. They belong to inorganic compounds and occur naturally in nature – mainly in fruits. They have a low molecular weight and are soluble in water.

AHA acids play an important role in skin care. They make it possible to normalize and exfoliate the skin, improve skin tone and elasticity, and shallow wrinkles.

There are different types of AHA acids. These include mandelic, lactic, malic, citric, glycolic acids.

BHA acids – what are they?

BHA is a beta-hydroxy acid. These include salicylic acid. It is the only acid of this group that is used in cosmetics.

Salicylic acid is a lipophilic compound – so it has the ability to penetrate the hydrolipid layer of the epidermis. It has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and regulates sebum secretion. Promotes the reduction of the keratinized layer of the epidermis. It is appreciated in the care of oily and acne-prone skin. It helps cleanse pores and fight imperfections.

Acids in facial care

Acids can be found in cosmetics designed for skin care with various imperfections. Among other things, they are found in cosmetics for sensitive, vascular and acne-prone skin.

Are you looking for an acid product and wondering if it is definitely worth using? Find out how the different acids work. Choose one that suits your skin’s needs.

1. Glycolic acid

Glycolic acid has the lowest molecular weight of all AHA acids. This facilitates the penetration of substances into the deeper layers of the skin.

The effects of glycolic acid include:

  • cleansing and refreshing the skin,
  • strong hydration,
  • smoothing of scars and wrinkles,
  • faster skin regeneration,
  • lightening of pigmentation and acne discoloration,
  • anti-clogging of pores.

Glycolic acid effectively improves the appearance of the skin. It produces a rejuvenating and smoothing effect. It thickens the living layers of the epidermis and makes them more moisturized.

You can find glycolic acid in our creams: novo and novo forte.

2. Lactic acid

Lactic acid is formed by combining pyruvic acid with water. It is famous for its moisturizing properties, which is why it is appreciated in the treatment of dry, very dry and acne-prone skin. It exhibits exfoliating and antibacterial properties. It also acts as a pH regulator – it restores the skin’s physiological reaction.

This acid is used both for acne reduction and as a preventive measure. Prevents imperfections and dryness of the epidermis. It evens out skin tone, lightens discoloration and shallows acne scars.

Lactic acid is included in the composition of rossatore resurfacing cream.

3. Mandelic acid

Mandelic acid, as the name suggests, is extracted from bitter almonds. It has more potency than glycolic acid, but is more difficult to penetrate the skin. Why? The molecules of the substance in question are quite large. As a result, the acid has less irritant potential and is gentle on the skin.

This acid can be used in the care of any skin type. Above all, however, it is recommended for people with problematic combination, sensitive, vascular and seborrheic skin. It will work great for people with oily skin with numerous blackheads. Thanks to its properties, this acid is used for peels in cases of acne vulgaris.

What are the most important features of mandelic acid? First of all, it has an antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect and reduces discoloration. In addition, it accelerates cell renewal and stimulates collagen production. Importantly, mandelic acid does not cause irritation or erythema.

The mandelic acid creams you’ll find at dottore are hydratore and rossatore resurfacing cream.

4. Citric acid

The next of the AHA acids is citric acid. It is found in pineapples and lemons, among others. This acid has a mild peeling effect. It is a powerful antioxidant – it protects the skin from free radicals. It exhibits anti-aging and rejuvenating effects. It evens out skin tone and reduces discoloration, refreshes the skin and gives it a glow.

When to use acids

Most products with acids should be included in the care during the autumn and winter. That’s because sun exposure should be avoided when using acids. That’s why acid creams from dottore are usually overnight products – the exception being the hydratore cream. It’s important to remember careful photoprotection during acid care.

The benefits of acid care are worth taking advantage of both at home and in a beauty salon. If you are just beginning to use cosmetics with acids, start with those with lower concentrations. Choose a night cream according to the needs of your skin. Use it several times a week or even every evening, depending on the indications. Only after your skin has become accustomed to the effects of AHAs, include products with higher acid content in your skin care.

Are you pregnant or breastfeeding? We recommend temporarily discontinuing products with AHA acids.

Treatments with AHA acids

Struggling with imperfections despite proper home care? Visit your beauty salon and ask about studio.peel acid treatments. As part of the treatment, your skin will be treated with products with a high concentration of the appropriate acid. The effect will be further enhanced with supportive preparations. No worries – a facial acid treatment performed by a professional is safe.

For best results, we recommend performing treatments in series, at appropriate intervals.

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