Skin photoaging – what is worth knowing?

Although almost everyone has heard of photoaging, few know what exactly such a process is. Even fewer people are aware of the negative effects (including in winter), it can have on our skin. So today we will present the most relevant information on photoaging.

What is photoaging of the skin?

We define photoaging, or photoaging, as the process of skin degradation caused by ultraviolet radiation.. Ultraviolet radiation is emitted by the sun, as well as by lamps in tanning beds. Photoaging causes adverse changes in cells, makes the skin age faster, dry, and wrinkles appear on the skin.

Skin photoaging – what does it manifest itself as?

What exactly does photoaging manifest itself as? Deterioration of skin condition, faster aging, discoloration. Let’s take a closer look at the individual symptoms.

1. Discoloration

Skin discoloration is one of the main symptoms of photoaging. Changes in the form of hyperpigmentation and spots appear primarily in areas where the tissue is thinner or damaged.

2. Dryness and roughness of the skin

Excessive sunlight causes changes in the skin’s lipid layer, which subsequently leads to the evaporation of water from the epidermis. All this causes the skin to become dry, lose its softness, feel rough and unpleasant to the touch. Photoaging also causes the destruction of collagen and elastin, and this will cause the skin to lose its firmness and elasticity.

3. Telangiectasias

Teleangiectasias, also known as vascular spider veins, are tiny, red-colored blood vessels. UV radiation weakens the walls of blood vessels and, as a result, causes them to burst.

4. Wrinkles

The sun stimulates free radicals, which cause skin aging, including the formation of wrinkles. As a result of UV exposure, a post-sun scar is formed, which over time accentuates and transforms into a wrinkle. Overexposure to the sun leads to crow’s feet, lion’s wrinkle, forehead wrinkles.

5. Acne lesions, blackheads

Another effect of photoaging on the skin is the thickening of the stratum corneum, the formation of blackheads and other acne lesions.

6. Pre-neoplastic and neoplastic lesions

Overexposure to the sun’s rays can also lead to precancerous and cancerous lesions: melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma.

Photoaging – prevention

How to protect the skin from photoaging? We should avoid overexposure to the sun, especially during the hours when it shines the strongest. It is also very important to use sunscreen, preferably SPF 50. We should use the cream all year round, not only in summer, but also in winter or autumn. Dottore offers cosmeceuticals that provide UV protection. We recommend the cream for City SUN SPF50+, as well as the protective milk City SUN BODY SPF30.

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