Skin burn

It has happened to everyone at least once in their lives to forget sunscreen during the summer. If you were unfortunate enough to spend too much time in the sun that day, you know very well how painful a burn is in its consequences.

Types of burns

Burns are divided into three grades based on their severity:

Grade I

The most bothersome with this degree of burn is a painful burning sensation. The skin is very tender. Visually, the first stage is harmless – the redness of the skin and possible slight swelling disappear after a few days, leaving no marks or scars.

Grade II

It is distinguished from the first degree by blisters that appear in reddened and swollen areas. They are filled with serous fluid that appears between the epidermis and the dermis border. These burns take about two weeks to heal. The appearance of scars depends on the individual epidermal regeneration capacity of specific people.

Grade III

The worst degree of burns, when the damage extends to deep tissues and, in extreme cases, even bones. The result is necrosis, on the surface of which scabs appear. In the next stage, the dead body parts separate, leaving scars. This type of burn requires surgical treatment – a skin graft. The cause of the appearance of such extreme discomfort is the effect of open flames or boiling water for a long time.

Treatment of burns

Grade II and III absolutely requires consultation with a doctor! Therefore, it is advisable to be able to distinguish between them. It is worth remembering that burns are usually more serious than they appear at “first glance”. In addition, with very deep burns, no pain is felt because the injury destroys nerve endings immediately.

The effectiveness and speed of healing of burns depends on how quickly and how correctly first aid was administered. Having to deal with degree I, treatment at home is sufficient – cooling the burned areas with water (at a temperature of about 20st) is an element that, when applied quickly, reduces pain and any swelling. Burned skin is very susceptible to infection, so it’s a good idea to protect it: after disinfecting with 70% alcohol, apply a bandage of cotton wool and an elastic bandage.

When blisters appear – a second-degree burn – the main goal of treatment is to prevent infection. One of the biggest mistakes in burn management is ripping off the blister. The epidermis lifted by the fluid provides a natural dressing, and securing the burn with additional padding and an elastic bandage reduces the risk of taking off the blister. If the bladder has been ruptured, we see an exposed, very painful area prone to bleeding and infection. It is necessary to disinfect these areas and apply a sterile dressing secured with a bandage. In this situation, no creams should be applied until the oozing of fluid from the area of the stripped bladder has stopped.

Sunburn

When we talk about sunburn, the term “first aid” is not used. It does not pose a health risk. It is rare to experience a second-degree burn through sun exposure. The exception to this is when an additional factor is, for example, the medications being taken. However, you certainly know that sunburns (1st degree) are usually extensive and troublesome. They make simple activities difficult, and any touch to the burned areas causes pain. To support epidermal regeneration and accelerate healing, care should be taken to moisturize the skin. We recommend a moisturizing cream with a light texture. Applied several times a day, it will certainly help.

Home remedies for burns

There are several homemade ways that I’m sure your grandmothers know. Have any of you ever covered sunburned skin with natural yogurt or buttermilk? Yogurt calms irritated skin and gently lubricates, which brings relief. However, it is a dairy product, so it will shear on heated skin. If you don’t wash it off in time, it will solidify and removing it can be a problem.

A honey poultice is also a well-known method. The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of honey can actually promote healing of burned skin – this is not a myth. However, it is rare to get too much tan in just one place. Rubbing honey all over your arms – would work, but washing honey off everything you accidentally touch may take longer than the skin to heal.

#dottorerecommends

S.O.S. – a cream that accelerates the regeneration of the epidermis. It is great for dealing with burns after overexposure to the sun, irritation from insect bites or nettle burns. It has also already proven itself as a cream to promote skin regeneration after tattoo removal.

City SUN – SPF50+ sunscreen for daily use. It protects against UVA, UVB and Blue Light. The lightweight texture and formula are designed not to whiten the skin and work well as a makeup base.

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